The Synonymous Words Used for
"Sin", "Wickedness", "Evil", "Ungodliness",
"Disobedience", "Transgression", etc.
hamartano = to miss the mark of aim; then,
to miss or wander from the right path; to go, or do wrong.
- harmartia = a failing to hit the mark; aberration from prescribed law
(connected with and resulting from the above). In New Testament always in a moral sense =
a sin, whether by omission or commission, in thought, word or deed. Also used in
connection with the sin-offering (Hebrews 10:6, 8, 18; 13:11, as in Psalm 40:6, compare Leviticus 5:8).
- harmartema = the actual sin. The evil principle in action; the sinful act
- paratoma = a falling aside, when one should have stood upright. Hence
(morally) a fall, a falling aside, from truth and equity; a fault, or trespass.
In Romans 5:12, Number 1
entered the world. The disobedience of Adam (verses 15,17,18) was
Number 3, and the law entered that Number 3 which before was error, might become criminal
in the knowledge of the sinner. After this, where Number 1 abounded, grace did much more
EVIL (Adj. and Noun).
- poneria = depravity; iniquity, the wicked acting of the evil nature. See
Number III. 1. below.
- kakia = depravity, the vicious disposition and desires, rather than the
active exercise of them, which is Number 1 (poneria).
- poneros = full of labours and pains in working mischief; evil intent
(Matthew 12:39. Luke 11:29); grudging, in
connection with the idea expressed in the "evil eye" (Matthew 6:23; 20:15. See the context, and compare Luke 11:13).
- kakos = depraved, bad in nature. Compare Number II. 2.
- anomos = lawless, contempt of law.
- anomia = lawlessness.
- athesmos = breaking through all restraints of ordinances of institutes,
divine or human to gratify one's lusts. Occurs only in 2 Peter 2:7; 3:17.
- asebeia = impiety, absence of "the fear of God",
having no reverence for sacred things; irreligious. Septuagint for pasha'.
Appendix 44. ix.
- apeitheia = unwillingness to be persuaded, leading to obstinacy.
- parakoe = unwillingness to hear, disobedient.
- parabaino = to step on one side, overstep, go aside from, violate,
- parerchomai = to go past, pass by, neglect.
- parabates, = one who steps aside, or oversteps.
- adikia = unrighteousness, wrongdoing.
- adikema = a wrong done.
- paranomia = acting contrary to law or custom. Occ. only in 2 Peter 2:16.
- planao = to cause to wander or go astray; used of doctrinal error and
religious deceit. Compare planos (1 Timothy 4:1, "seducing").
- apoplanao. = Number 1 with apo = away from, prefixed (Appendix 104. iv). In Pass., to go astray from, swerve. Occ. only
in Mark 13:22 and 1 Timothy 6:10.
- astocheo = to deviate from. Occ. only in 1 Timothy
1:6; 6:21. 2 Timothy
- hettema = a diminishing of that which should have been
rendered in full measure; diminution, decrease. Occ. in Romans 11:12
and 1 Corinthians 6:7.