TRUTH about the doctrine of the
Immortality of the Soul and the doctrine of Hades is startling. There is clear
testimony even from the originators of the doctrines themselves that their pagan
teachings about Immortality and about Hades (with its purgatory, limbo, etc.)
were all LIES! Since it is a known fact that Catholic and
Protestant teachings about those doctrines have stemmed from the ancient Greeks
and Romans, it is time the TRUTH about their origins be
more fully known. Frankly, if the ancient pagan originators were alive today,
they would laugh to scorn the educated people who believe such nonsense!
Yet, so-called Christianity has been deceived into believing these same
" lies which the political and religious leaders of antiquity INVENTED in order to govern the unlearned masses of common people. The teachings concerning the Immortality of the Soul were invented
to support the idea of immediate rewards or punishments after death. If the people had believed that once a person dies, he was
DEAD, as the Bible teaches, the pagan doctrines concerning
instant punishments or rewards after death would have had NO
Paul Condemns Those LIES
Paul said that those who call themselves the philosophers of the world became fools
(Rom. 1:22). Why? Because they held back from the people the general knowledge of God
WHICH THEY KNEW" (v. 18 and 19). It is no wonder that
he condemned the ancient philosophers by saying: "They are
without excuse" (v. 20). These so-called philosophers"the leaders of the masses"knew the truth, but
withheld it from the people, telling the people outright LIES. "Who
the truth of God into a LIE" (v. 25). These are strong indictments, but Paul knew what he was talking about.
The Ancients ADMITTED They Lied
The primary reason for the invention of the doctrines of a terrible and never-ending Hades, and its supporting doctrine of inherent immortality, was clearly that of state expediency. The common people were told falsehoods to keep them subject to the state. This was especially true among the Greeks and pre-eminently among the Romans. We have these judicious remarks by one of the most stable historians of the old world: Polybius. This Greek writer lived in the first century
B.C., and wrote a history of the Roman Republic. In his section on Roman government he writes:
"But, as the people universally are fickle and inconstant, filled with irregular desires, precipitate in their passions and prone to violence;
there is no way to restrain them, BUT BY THE DREAD OF THINGS UNSEEN [i.e. the compartments of Hades), and by the pageantry of
TERRIFYING FICTION. The ancients therefore acted not absurdly, nor without good reason, when they
invented the notion concerning the gods AND THE BELIEF OF INFERNAL PUNISHMENTS" (Bk. VI. 55, 56. The quote is from Hampton's translation,
vol. II, pp. 405, 406).
This is pretty plain, isn't it? Polybius was wise enough to know that the pagan doctrines of Hell and the heathen gods were plain
FICTION. However, he thought that such teaching was a good thing so that the passions of the masses could be bridled and that the state could function properly. But, as he states, the educated leaders
whole teaching was a
We have the records of many learned men of ancient Greece and Rome who plainly knew that the doctrines about the Immortality of the Soul, the compartments of Hades, etc. were
falsehoods. They were invented to deceive the common people into a type of obedience to the state. "Cicero, Seneca, Panaetius, Polybius, Quintus Scaevola (The Pontifex Maximus), and Varro
regarded religion as a device of statesmen to control the masses by mystery and terror" (Dictionary of Religion &
Ethics, vol. 7, p. 61).
Pagan religion and all its ramifications was simply manufactured to control the masses. The doctrines of a hell immediately after death"which signified that people had inherent immortality "were meant to scare the common people into being faithful citizens. Philosophers, theologians and statesmen developed what became known by the first century
B.C. as the "double doctrine" or the "double truth" teaching.
truth" doctrine was manifested principally through the Mystery religions. Those few who were initiated into the highest degree of the Mysteries were told the truths regarding the Immortality of the Soul, Hades, etc.
TOLD that the
were LIES, but beneficiently
given to control the people! This "double truth"
mentioned in the
Dictionary of Religion & Ethics (p. 63) as "one truth for the intellectual classes and one for the common people, the climax reached is the phrase,
'It is expedient for the state [the people) to be deceived in religion.'
The populace were told one thing"a pack of lies"and the
intellectuals (actually those initiated into the Mysteries as we will see) were told the naked truth. It is no wonder Paul said that the leaders were
WITHOUT EXCUSE"they knew better! "They hold
[back] the truth" (Rom. 1:18). The leaders would not tell the people the facts which they were very much aware of. The
Dictionary of Religion & Ethics shows how these men made jests about
the credulity of the common people in accepting their teachings.
"Cicero was an augur [a Roman religious official) yet he quotes with approval Cato's saying that
he wondered how one augur could meet another without LAUGHING" (ibid., p.
Even these two were pagan theologians sponsored by the State, yet they were well aware of the nonsense they were so sincerely and reverently teaching the common people.
The Dictionary of Religion & Ethics continues:
"The latter-day philosophies of Greece proved to the Roman that the foundations of his religion were baseless,
yet its existence was indispensable for the preservation of the State. This conflict
between private belief and public conduct can be seen, for example in Ennius. He wrote treatises, embodying advanced skeptical doctrines, and
he also wrote
patriotic poems in which the whole cycle of Roman gods was exhibited most reverently treated"
(ibid., p. 63).
Ennius used the familiar
method of teaching.
Double-Doctrine Manifested in
ALL Philosophical Schemes
One of the most important observations to be made regarding the teachings of the pagan philosophers and/or theologians is that they
ALL adhered to the "double doctrine" method teaching. Pythagoras in the sixth
century B.C., Plato, Aristotle, and even those of the first century always
Invariably, their disciples were told the truth
(as much as the philosophers understood),
and the common people were told as many bold-faced LIES as was necessary to control them and render them governable.
Notice the teachings of one of the first of the heathen philosophers: Pythagoras. Origen says of him and
"He divided his disciples into classes, the one he called
ESOTERIC, the other, the EXOTERIC. For to
[the first] he trusted the more perfect and sublime doctrines; to these [the latter] the more popular and vulgar."
(On Philosophy, see fragments.)
Dr. Warburton who quotes this section about Pythagoras says: "This,
we may be sure, would incline him to a more than ordinary cultivation of
the DOUBLE DOCTRINE"
(Divine Legation, vol. 1, p. 434). It is Warburton who proves that
ALL the philosophers used the DOUBLE DOCTRINE
teaching"it was simply the common thing to do (ibid., p. 444).
One of Pythagoras' intimate disciples, Timaeus Locrus, said, speaking
the Immortality of the Soul and punishments immediately after death:
"As we sometimes cure the body with unwholesome remedies, when such as
are most wholesome have no effect; so we restrain those minds [of the
common people] by FALSE RELATIONS, which will not be persuaded by the
TRUTH. There is a necessity therefore of instilling the dread of those
FOREIGN TORMENTS" (World Life, near the end).
In other words, it was perfectly all right to use as many
LIES as was necessary in order to
the people! How perverse the natural human mind is (Jer. 17:9).
Pythagoras, in his teaching about the Immortality of the Soul, was
followed by another of his disciples, the renowned Plato.
We nave the clearest testimony of
Galen on Plato's DOUBLE DOCTRINES. Notice it:
"Plato declares that animals have constantly a soul
[i.e. all animal beings,
including man, have
an immortal soul],
which serves to animate and inform
their bodies; but as for stones, wood
and what we commonly call inanimate
parts of the creation, all these, he
says, are quite destitute of soul.
And yet in
his Timaeus, where he explains his principles TO HIS DISCIPLES AND
SELECT FRIENDS, be there GIVES UP
THE COMMON NOTION, declares that there is a soul diffused through
the universe, which is to actuate
pervade every part of
Now we are
NOT to imagine that in this case he
is inconsistent with himself, or maintains contrary doctrines, any more
Aristotle and Theophrastus are to bet
charged with contradiction, WHEN
THEY DECLARED TO THEIR DISCIPLES THEIR REAL DOCTRINES
and to the COMMON PEOPLE, principles of another nature (On
All these philosophers told FABLES"outright
LIES"to the general
population, but they told the truth
lied to the people)
own disciples. Notice how
Galen says that Plato
told the masses
about the Immortality of the
Soul, but to his real friends he rightly said that
universal spirit pervaded the universe to give life to all.
nothing about the Immortality of
group! It is as clear as it can be that Plato, himself,
believe such nonsense,
even though he taught it to the laymen.
Listen to Strabo, who knew
what Plato really taught. He is speaking
the religious doctrines of the Indians.
"They INVENT FABLES also, after
the manner of PLATO, on the immortality of the soul, and on the punishments in Hades,
and other things of this kind"
(Bk. XV, Ch. 1, 57, Bohn
to the common people and he knew that he was lying. Read Plato's bold admission:
"As for the symbol on the private note, you
desire to KNOW MY SERIOUS LETTERS and which contain
MY REAL SENTIMENTS from THOSE LETTERS
THAT DO NOT, know and
remember that (the word) God
begins a serious letter, ands (the word) gods [i.e. gods"plural] begins one
that is otherwise"
It is well known that Plato's teachings on the
Immortality of the Soul and about the punishments in Hades were the
consumption. It was clearly
FABLE. But what is strange, Plato,
the other philosophers,
felt no wrong
in teaching such things. They thought
lies were necessary!
We are told by Synesius, a thorough-going Platonist, "that philosophy,
it has attained the truth, allows the
use of LIES and FICTIONS"
(Synesius, Epistle 15).
These are well-known facts. Lies and fictions were
regularly employed by the ancient philosophers.
The ancient pagans believed that the
people, especially in the realm of religion, NEEDED to be deceived.
They felt it was expedient for the State.
the Roman Pontifex Maximus Scaevola
"that Societies should be deceived in religion"
(Augustine, City of God, Bk IV., ch. 10).
Augustine further tells us that:
"Varro, speaking of religions,
plainly, that there are many TRUTHS
which it is
common people should know, and
many FALSEHOODS which yet it is useful for the people to receive
It is striking that the Bible says
the opposite to this. We are told
God is sending us His Spirit in
that we can be led into
There can be no doubt that Pythagoras,
Plato, Aristotle and the rest taught deliberate LIES about the Immortality
the Soul, and that they laughed among
themselves at the doctrine of punishment in HADES immediately
death. These people
Dr. Warburton, a thoroughly trained
classicist"especially in the field of
"It is very true, that Plato
writing inculcates the doctrine of
a future state of rewards and punishments:
but this, ALWAYS
IN THE GROSS SENSE OF THE POPULACE: that the souls of ill men descended into asses and swine [by virtue of their immortality]; that the uninitiated lay in mire and filth; that there were three judges of hell [over purgatory, limbo, etc.), and talks much of Styx, Cocytus,
Acheron, etc. and all so seriously, as shows that he had a mind to be
believed. But did he indeed believe these FABLES;
WE MAY BE ASSURED HE DID
NOT" (Vol. 1, p. 452).
Plato and all the rest KNEW BETTER!!!
No wonder Paul strongly rebukes these men. They were
the ones "who hold (back) the truth in unrighteousness; because that which
may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shown it unto them...so that they are without excuse."
Why? Because they "changed the truth of God
INTO A LIE"
(Romans 1:18-25) and then the only "truth" they had"was that they
themselves WERE LIARS!
Remember, it is not LIES which make God's people free,
but the TRUTH " "and ye shall know the truth, and
THE TRUTH SHALL MAKE YOU
FREE!" (John 8:32).